But for the simple reasons of nomenclature convenience they are mainly classified into two (2) major groups - the Eurasian mice and the American mice.
Their habitats vary depending on what type of mice is being referred. Some mice live in the more ecologically natural environment like rainforests or any areas that are remotely urban. These are the type of mice that are not relatively "domesticated". Some would thrive in human cultured fields and they usually cause inconveniences to certain crops being propagated in the field. That's why this type of mice is often regarded as pests. The other types of mice, of which we are more acquainted with, are those we often see roaming around our houses foraging for food. This type of mice are the ones responsible for wreaking havoc in our furniture and potentially posing health risks to all the members of the household. They are often hunted down in traps or exterminated with poisons because they cause considerable hassles to a person's normal living.
The common house mouse is perhaps the most frequently observed classification of mice and we do often do our best to get rid of them in any way possible. The common house mice are the ancestors of the white mice that are usually raised for scientific purposes, usually for research and experimentation. If these mice are in their wild state, they are often smaller than the ones that are domesticated. Their sizes may range from 15-17 cm, about less than 6.5 in. long and that would already include their tails. The reason why domestic mice are slightly or often considerably larger than wild mice is because they are more nourished with the abundance of supply within a household. A house mouse color are usually yellowish-grain in the above, sometimes they have streaks of black and stripes of lighter gray colors in their bellies. They are very prolific breeders reproducing every 10 to 18 weeks all throughout the year, procreating 5 to 10 offspring in a litter.
Because they are such prolific breeders and they continuously consume food resources, they are considered as household pests. Pest mice control measures are strongly implemented once there are detections of infestation within a household. The pest control methods would employ different means and devices. Mouse traps are amongst the most common entrapment method being used today. They are commonly used by people because apart from the fact that they are proven to be very effective mice catchers, they are also cheaper than the other pest mice control options. Other methods would make use of certain mice repelling devices such as high frequency sound producing devices. They emit sound waves that deter the presence of mice within the area it covers.
Here are some other commonly recognizable members of the mice genus:
The deer mouse is named as so because of their fur's characteristics which can be likened or in part similar to a deer's.
Their colors are usually brown with a white below. A common deer are slightly larger than that of a common house mouse, typically reaching about 18-19 cm in length. It has a moderately long, often large and hairy tail, prominent ears with big dark eyes and long whiskers.
A deer mouse diet is mainly based on high protein grain and nut foods. They typically feed on berries, nuts and smaller digestible insects. Deer mice don't hibernate during winter, that's why they spend most of their time stocking food supply during the fall to prepare their selves for the incoming season.
Deer mice dwelling areas are anywhere that is dry and warm. In the forests, the usually nest on a hollow tree or an abandoned squirrel or bird nest. The deer mice on prairies dig burrows to nest underground. Their foraging coverage are quite expanded compared to a common house mouse and they have very good homing instincts that no matter how far they have gone in search for food, they could always find their way back to their nests.
The common deer mouse has been known to be the carrier of the dreaded Sin Nombre Hantavirus. The virus produces influenza-type symptoms in the infected human hosts. The virus has caused a widespread epidemic during the early 1990's killing almost 60 people in Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado and Utah. In the later years the disease caused by the hantavirus has reached as far as Canada, Brazil, Venezuela and Argentina.
field mice. There are red-backed voles that thrive in Alaska and Northern Eurasia. There are also water voles that are found in Europe and Asia. Voles scientific classification belongs to a family of rodents called Muridae. Field mouse is classified as Microtus pennsylvaniccus and the northern red-backed ones as Clethrionomys rutilus. Water voles are classified as Arvicola terrestris.